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Whoopie Pies

How to make Whoopie Pies plus lots of Whoopie Pie Recipes


Jump to:-   What are Whoopie Pies  |  History of Whoopie Pies  |  How to make Whoopie Pies  |  Whoopie Pie Recipes



What are Whoopie Pies?

A whoopie pie is a sweet baked item which is a cross between a soft biscuit, a cake and a pie. It is made up of two round pieces of cake-like biscuits (cookies) which are sandwiched together with a sweet, creamy filling. Other names given to these sweet delights have included hucklebucks, gobs and BFOs (big fat Oreos).


The usual size is around 7.5cm/3-inches in diameter, however variations do occur and they have been known to be made much larger.

There’s absolutely no reason why they shouldn’t be made much smaller too – mini whoopie pies served with afternoon tea.


History of Whoopie Pies


How Whoopie Pies got their name

According to folklore, Amish women living in the Pennsylvania region of the USA would bake them as a dessert for their husbands’ and children’s lunches. Placed in the lunch boxes when the farmers or children would find these sweet treats, they would shout "Whoopie!" A fun story for a fun name though how true it is remains to be proven.

Traditional Whoopie Pies

Traditionally the cake part is flavoured with cocoa powder and made with brown sugar resulting in a dark brown finish,  whilst the filling is very light and fluffy, often made with marshmallow fluff or marshmallow crème and flavoured with vanilla.

21st Century Whoopie Pies

Whoopie pies have fast become an alternative to cupcakes as a teatime treat. Indeed, the basic recipe is so similar as to make them just as versatile as their cakey cousins.  Not only can the batter ingredients be easily adapted with added ingredients and flavourings, but so can the filling. Other fillings can also be used such as cream cheese based, butter icing or even pure unadulterated freshly whipped cream.

Furthermore, whilst not traditional, the tops can be decorated with items such as coloured or flavoured glace icing, piped cream, chocolate vermicelli, hundreds and thousands, jelly tots: anything you can use to decorate the top of a cupcake can be used to decorate the top of a whoopie pie.


How to make Whoopie Pies -

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General instructions for making whoopie pies

Whoopie pies are made in three stages: first the thin cake rounds are baked, then the filling is made, then the two are assembled together to form the finished whoopie pie


Basic Whoopie Pie Batter Mix

The basic mixture for the whoopie pie cake recipe is similar to many other cake recipes except that the ratio of flour to fat is higher. The basic mixture consists of


100g/4oz Butter or Margarine
100g/4oz Caster sugar
2 Eggs
4 tbsp Cocoa Powder
225g/8oz Self Raising Flour
½ teasp salt
1 teasp Vanilla extract
120ml/4fl.oz. Milk


These quantities are enough to make 8 whoopie pies, (16 halves) about 7.5cm/3-inches in diameter.  This basic mix can be halved, doubled or trebled as required, however make sure to keep the same proportions of ingredients i.e. if you wish to halve it to make 4 whoopie pies the amounts would be


50g/2oz  Butter or Margarine

50g/2oz  Caster Sugar (superfine)

1 Egg

2 tbsp Cocoa Powder

100g/4oz  Self Raising Flour

½ teasp Vanilla Extract

60ml/2fl.oz. Milk


Mixing the whoopie pie batter ingredients

Although the traditional method is to cream together the butter and sugar, then add the egg, mixing well, before adding the remaining ingredients, good results can be achieved by just placing all the ingredients in the mixing bowl at the same time as does mixing the ingredients in a food mixer or processor.


How much mixture to place on the baking trays

2 heaped tablespoons of cake mixture dropped onto a lightly greased baking sheet is enough to make whoopie pie halves about 7.5cm/3-inches in diameter once they have been spread out a little with the back of a spoon.  You can maker larger whoopie pies by using more of the  mixture for each half. Be sure to leave plenty of space between each mound of mixture so you can spread it out with plenty of space between.


At what oven temperature should whoopie pies be cooked ?

In general 180C, 350F, Gas Mark 4 although if you have a fan assisted oven, you should reduce the temperature accordingly.


For how long should whoopie pies be cooked?

If you are using the above guidelines 15 minutes should be long enough however, you can test whether the whoopie pie halves are cooked through by pushing a wooden toothpick into the centre.  If it comes out clean, then the mixture has cooked through. If you decide to make slightly larger whoopie pies, they will need an extra 5 minutes or so.


Once baked they will need to be cooled on a wire rack before they can be filled.


Basic Whoopie Pie Filling Mixture

Below is a traditional whoopie filling which is light and airy. This version can also be coloured with a few drops of food colouring or flavoured with . Whoopie pies can also be filled with butter icing, ready bought marshmallow fluff or thick freshly whipped cream.

Fills 8 Whoopie Pies (16 halves)

2 Egg Whites
225g/8oz Castor Sugar
80ml/2½fl.oz. cold water
1 tbsp Honey
1 teasp Vanilla Extract


1. Place all of the ingredients in a large heatproof bowl and whisk until well mixed.

2. Place the bowl over a saucepan of rapidly boiling water, then whisk constantly for 5-7 minutes or until the mixture is thick and creamy and stands in peaks. Using an electric whisk is easier.

3. Remove from heat, whisk for a further minute or so then allow to cool completely before using to fill whoopie pies

How to assemble Whoopie Pies

Spread the flat side of a cold cake/biscuit with a generous amount of filling. You can also pipe the filling for an extra decorative effect. Place another half, flat side down, on top of the filling then press both halves together lightly. There should be enough filling to form a deep layer which is clearly visible between the two layers.


Decorating whoopie pies - How to decorate whoopie pies

Although traditionally whoopie pies are not decorated, once filled, the tops can be further adorned so here are just a couple of ideas for decorating whoopie pies:-


Light Glacé icing or frosting

Simply mix icing sugar (confectioners Sugar) with a very little water until the mixture is smooth but not too runny, then spread thinly over the tops of the tops of the whoopie pies. Flavourings can be added to the icing mixture such as lemon, orange or coffee, as can colourings and you can sprinkle the icing with chocolate vermicelli, hundreds and thousands or small sweets before it sets on the whoopie pie. Click here for lots of Glace Icing Recipes


Butter cream (butter icing)

Mix up your favourite butter cream flavour and spread or pipe on the tops of the whoopie poes. Click here for lots of Butter Cream recipes. As with the simple icing above, further decorations can be pressed into the butter icing.


Whoopie Pie  Recipes 

Below is a selection of whoopie pie recipes - both traditional and 21st century




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